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1. Kashi Vishwanath Temple : Kashi Vishwanath Temple is a famous Hindu temple located in the city of Varanasi in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva, one of the principal deities in Hinduism. The temple is believed to have been originally built in ancient times, but has been destroyed and rebuilt several times throughout history. The current structure dates back to the 18th century and was built by the Maratha ruler, Queen Ahilyabai Holkar of Indore. The temple is considered one of the most sacred places for Hindus and attracts millions of devotees and tourists every year. It is believed that a visit to the temple and a dip in the holy Ganges river, which flows nearby, can wash away one's sins and bring salvation. The temple has a unique architecture and is made of a blend of Hindu and Islamic styles. The main deity in the temple is Lord Shiva, who is also known as Kashi Vishwanath, the ruler and protector of the universe. The temple is located in the heart of Varanasi's old city, and visitors are advised to be respectful of the temple's traditions and customs when visiting.
2. Dashashwamedh Ghat : Dashashwamedh Ghat is one of the most famous and oldest ghats (a series of steps leading down to a body of water) located on the banks of the river Ganges in the city of Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. The ghat is named after the ten horses that were sacrificed by Lord Brahma to welcome Lord Shiva to perform the Dasha-Ashwamedha (ten-horse) sacrifice. The ghat is known for its spectacular evening aarti (a Hindu ritual of worship), which takes place every evening at sunset. The aarti involves the worship of the river Ganges, and it is performed by a group of priests dressed in traditional attire, who light lamps and chant prayers in unison. The aarti attracts a large number of devotees and tourists from all over the world. Apart from the evening aarti, the ghat is also known for its other attractions like the Kashi Vishwanath Temple, which is one of the most famous and revered temples in India and is located near the ghat. The ghat is also a popular spot for boat rides on the Ganges and for taking a dip in the holy river. Dashashwamedh Ghat has a rich historical and cultural significance and is considered to be one of the most sacred spots in Hinduism. It is believed that taking a dip in the river Ganges at this ghat can cleanse a person's sins and grant them salvation. The ghat has also been mentioned in various ancient texts and scriptures, which adds to its cultural and religious significance.
3. Sarnath : According to Buddhist tradition, Sarnath is the place where Lord Buddha delivered his first sermon, known as the "Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta," to his five disciples after attaining enlightenment in Bodh Gaya. This event is considered to be the turning point in the spread of Buddhism. Sarnath has several significant Buddhist monuments and temples that attract visitors from all over the world. The most prominent of these are the Dhamek Stupa, which is a cylindrical tower that stands 43 meters high and is believed to mark the spot where Buddha gave his first sermon. The Chaukhandi Stupa, another famous monument, is a terraced structure that dates back to the Gupta period. Other notable attractions in Sarnath include the Mulagandha Kuti Vihar, which is a modern temple built by the Sri Lankan Mahabodhi Society, and the Sarnath Archaeological Museum, which houses an impressive collection of Buddhist artifacts and relics. Overall, Sarnath is a must-visit destination for those interested in Buddhism and its history, and it offers a unique glimpse into one of the world's most ancient and influential religions.
4. Manikarnika Ghat : Manikarnika Ghat is a prominent and historic ghat (a series of steps leading down to a body of water) located on the banks of the Ganges River in the holy city of Varanasi, India. It is considered one of the most sacred places for Hindus and is associated with the cycle of birth and death. According to Hindu mythology, it is believed that Lord Vishnu dug a pit here with his discus and filled it with his sweat while performing his duty of protecting the universe. It is said that taking a dip in the waters of Manikarnika Ghat can purify one's sins and help them attain moksha (liberation from the cycle of rebirth). Manikarnika Ghat is also known as the "Mahasmasana," which means the "great cremation ground" in Sanskrit. It is believed that if a person's body is cremated here, they attain salvation and are freed from the cycle of rebirth. Every day, numerous funeral pyres are lit at Manikarnika Ghat, and the ashes are immersed in the Ganges. It is also a popular spot for tourists who come to witness the daily rituals and ceremonies that take place here. Despite its significance, visitors are advised to be respectful and cautious while visiting Manikarnika Ghat, as it is a solemn and sensitive place for the local community.
5. Assi Ghat : Assi Ghat is a popular ghat (a series of steps leading down to a body of water) located on the banks of the river Ganges in Varanasi, India. It is one of the most visited ghats in Varanasi and holds immense religious significance for Hindus. The ghat is named after the Assi River, a tributary of the Ganges that meets the river at this point. Assi Ghat is believed to be the place where the Hindu sage, Maharishi Agastya, meditated and worshipped Lord Shiva. It is also considered to be the southernmost ghat in Varanasi, and is often the starting point for boat rides along the river. One of the main attractions of Assi Ghat is its cultural and spiritual significance. The ghat is a hub of cultural activities, and it is common to find people practicing yoga and meditation here. Every evening, a grand aarti (a Hindu religious ritual) is performed at the ghat, which draws large crowds of locals and tourists alike. Apart from the religious and cultural significance, Assi Ghat also offers a stunning view of the Ganges and the city of Varanasi. The ghat is surrounded by a number of shops, cafes, and restaurants, making it a popular spot for tourists to relax and enjoy the ambiance.
6. Tulsi Manas Temple : The Tulsi Manas Temple was built in 1964 by the famous industrialist and philanthropist, Shri Madan Mohan Malviya. The temple is constructed using white marble and is surrounded by lush green gardens. The walls of the temple are adorned with exquisite murals and inscriptions, which depict the entire Ramayana, the Hindu epic that tells the story of Lord Rama. The temple is named after the great saint and poet Tulsidas, who wrote the famous Hindu text, Ramcharitmanas, which is considered to be one of the most important works in Hindi literature. It is said that Tulsidas wrote Ramcharitmanas at this very spot, where the Tulsi Manas Temple now stands. The Tulsi Manas Temple is a popular destination for tourists and devotees alike. It is considered to be one of the most important temples in Varanasi, and attracts thousands of visitors every day. The temple is open from early morning until late at night, and visitors can take part in a variety of rituals and ceremonies. Overall, the Tulsi Manas Temple is a must-visit destination for anyone who is interested in Hinduism, spirituality, or Indian culture. Its stunning architecture, beautiful surroundings, and rich history make it a truly unique and special place to visit.
7. Ramnagar Fort : Ramnagar Fort is a historical fortification located in the city of Varanasi in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is situated on the eastern bank of the river Ganges and was built by Kashi Naresh Raja Balwant Singh in the 18th century. The fort is made of sandstone and has a blend of Mughal and Indian architecture. It is spread over an area of 2,500 acres and includes several structures like the palace, museum, temple, and barracks. The fort also houses a vintage car collection, weapons, and artifacts of the royal family of Varanasi. The palace inside the fort has several halls, each with unique artwork and design. The Durbar Hall is the most impressive with its elaborate chandeliers and mirrors. The museum inside the fort has a vast collection of vintage artifacts, including swords, guns, and armor. The fort is also famous for its celebration of the Dussehra festival, which is a grand event in Varanasi. The Kashi Naresh, or the king of Varanasi, leads a procession on an elephant from the fort to the city during the festival. Overall, Ramnagar Fort is a significant historical landmark in Varanasi and is a must-visit for anyone interested in Indian history and architecture.
8. Bharat Mata Temple : The Bharat Mata Temple is a unique temple located in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. Unlike traditional temples, this temple is dedicated to the Motherland, India. The temple was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1936, and it was built by a freedom fighter named Babu Shiv Prasad Gupta. The temple is also known as the "Mother India Temple." The temple's main attraction is a giant marble statue of Bharat Mata (Mother India), which is 5 feet tall and is depicted in a standing posture. The statue is made of marble, and it depicts the map of India carved on its surface. The statue is located on a pedestal that is in the shape of a lotus flower.
9. Durga Temple : The Durga Temple in Varanasi is believed to have been built in the 18th century by a Bengali Maharani (queen). The temple is situated in the northern part of the city, in the Durga Kund area, and is easily accessible by road. The temple is known for its beautiful architecture, which features intricate carvings and sculptures. The main shrine of the temple houses an idol of the goddess Durga, depicted in her eight-armed form, slaying the buffalo demon Mahishasura. The temple is especially crowded during the Navratri festival, which is celebrated twice a year in the months of March-April and September-October. During this time, the temple is beautifully decorated and devotees throng to offer prayers and seek the blessings of the goddess. Apart from the main shrine, the temple complex also has smaller shrines dedicated to other Hindu deities like Lord Shiva, Lord Ganesha, and Lord Hanuman. The Durga Temple in Varanasi is considered one of the must-visit places for devotees and tourists visiting the city.
10. Banaras Hindu University : Banaras Hindu University (BHU) is a public central university located in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. It was founded in 1916 by Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya with the support of Annie Besant. BHU is one of the largest residential universities in Asia, with over 30,000 students from all over India and other countries. The university has over 140 departments and offers undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctoral programs in various fields, including arts, sciences, engineering, management, law, education, and medicine. The campus of BHU is spread over an area of about 1,300 acres and comprises numerous academic buildings, research centers, libraries, museums, and sports facilities.
11. Chaukhandi Stupa : The stupa is a square-based structure with octagonal tiers on top, and it stands at a height of about 16 meters. It is made of brick and stone, and its surface is decorated with carvings of various Buddhist symbols and motifs. The stupa is surrounded by a circular boundary wall, which is also decorated with carvings. According to local tradition, Chaukhandi Stupa marks the spot where the Buddha met his five disciples for the first time after attaining enlightenment. It is also said to have been built by the famous Buddhist emperor Ashoka to commemorate the visit of the Buddha to Sarnath. Today, the Chaukhandi Stupa is a popular tourist attraction and a place of pilgrimage for Buddhists. Visitors can explore the stupa and its surroundings, and also visit the nearby Sarnath Archaeological Museum, which houses a collection of Buddhist artifacts and sculptures.
12. Nepali Temple : The Nepali Mandir was built in the 19th century by the King of Nepal, Rana Bahadur Shah, and is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple's architecture is a blend of Nepalese and Indian styles, with intricate carvings and beautiful wooden architecture. It is also famous for its impressive stone sculpture of Lord Shiva. Another Nepali temple in Varanasi is the Bindhyabasini Temple, which is located near the Manikarnika Ghat. This temple is also dedicated to Lord Shiva and is believed to be one of the oldest temples in Varanasi. Apart from these two temples, there are other Nepali temples in Varanasi that are worth visiting, such as the Pashupatinath Temple, which is located near the Nepali Temple, and the Kaal Bhairav Temple, which is located in the Vishwanath Lane area. These temples have their unique significance and are an essential part of Varanasi's religious and cultural heritage.
13. Gyanvapi Mosque : The mosque was built by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in the 17th century on the site of the Kashi Vishwanath Temple. According to legend, Aurangzeb destroyed the original temple and constructed the mosque in its place. The mosque is located next to the Kashi Vishwanath Temple, one of the holiest Hindu shrines, and has been a source of controversy and conflict between Hindus and Muslims for centuries. Hindus claim that the mosque was built on the site of the original temple, while Muslims believe that the mosque was built on a vacant site. In 1998, the Allahabad High Court ordered the Archaeological Survey of India to conduct a survey of the site to determine whether there was any evidence of the original temple beneath the mosque. The survey found evidence of a temple beneath the mosque, but the court ruled that the mosque could not be demolished and that the temple could be built alongside it. Today, the Gyanvapi Mosque remains a site of religious significance for Muslims, while the Kashi Vishwanath Temple continues to be a major pilgrimage destination for Hindus.
14. Alamgir Mosque : Alamgir Mosque, also known as Alamgir Masjid, is a historical mosque located in the city of Varanasi in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is situated on the banks of the river Ganges, near the Panchganga Ghat. The mosque was built in the 17th century by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, who named it after himself (Alamgir means conqueror in Persian). The mosque is known for its unique blend of Hindu and Islamic architectural styles, as it was built on the site of a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu. The mosque is a popular attraction for tourists visiting Varanasi, as it offers stunning views of the river and the city. However, entry to the mosque is restricted to Muslims only, as it is still used for daily prayers and other religious ceremonies. Overall, the Alamgir Mosque is an important cultural and historical landmark in Varanasi, showcasing the unique religious and architectural heritage of the city.
15. Kedar Ghat : Kedar Ghat is a famous ghat (a series of steps leading down to a body of water) located on the banks of the holy river Ganges in Varanasi, India. It is named after Lord Kedarnath, one of the twelve Jyotirlingas (shrines of Lord Shiva) in India. The ghat is known for its beautiful architecture and the Kedareshwar Temple, which is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is also a popular spot for performing Hindu rituals and ceremonies such as pind daan, a Hindu ritual where offerings are made to one's ancestors. Kedar Ghat is also known for its association with the famous Indian saint, poet, and philosopher, Kabir. It is believed that Kabir used to meditate and offer prayers at the Kedareshwar Temple. The ghat is also associated with the Indian freedom struggle, as it was the site of a mass protest against the British in 1942. Today, Kedar Ghat is a popular destination for tourists and pilgrims visiting Varanasi. It offers a breathtaking view of the Ganges river and the surrounding temples and ghats. Visitors can also take a boat ride on the Ganges to experience the beauty of the ghat and the city of Varanasi from a different perspective.
16. Ahilyabai Ghat : Ahilyabai Ghat is not in Varanasi, it is actually located in Maheshwar, a town in the Khargone district of Madhya Pradesh, India. Ahilyabai Ghat is named after Queen Ahilyabai Holkar, who ruled over the Holkar dynasty from 1767 to 1795. She is known for her contributions to the development of Maheshwar, particularly in the areas of education, infrastructure, and trade. The ghat is one of the most popular attractions in Maheshwar, and is located on the banks of the Narmada River. It is a beautiful spot to watch the sunrise or sunset, and is also used for religious ceremonies and rituals. If you have any more questions about Ahilyabai Ghat or Maheshwar, feel free to ask!
17. Kriti Gallery : It was established in 1997 by artist and curator Siddhartha Tagore. The gallery is known for promoting contemporary Indian art and has showcased the works of many renowned artists over the years. Kriti Gallery has hosted several exhibitions of contemporary Indian art, including paintings, sculptures, installations, and photography. The gallery also hosts workshops and talks on art and culture, and is a hub for art enthusiasts in Varanasi. Some of the notable exhibitions hosted by Kriti Gallery include "Women in Indian Art" in 2016, "Contours of Distortion" in 2015, and "Beyond Surface" in 2013. The gallery has also collaborated with other art institutions in India and abroad, including the National Gallery of Modern Art in New Delhi and the British Council. Overall, Kriti Gallery is an important cultural institution in Varanasi that plays a key role in promoting and supporting contemporary Indian art.
18. Nandeshwar Ghat : Nandeshwar Ghat is one of the ghats located along the banks of the Ganges River in Varanasi, India. It is situated between the Harishchandra Ghat and Raja Ghat, and is believed to be a very sacred spot for performing religious rituals and ceremonies. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Shiva himself is said to have performed his Tandav dance at Nandeshwar Ghat, and therefore, it is considered an auspicious place for worship and offerings to Lord Shiva. Devotees can be seen taking holy dips in the river at Nandeshwar Ghat and performing various rituals like puja, aarti, and hawan. The ghat is also believed to be a place where people can attain salvation by performing last rites and cremation of their loved ones. Overall, Nandeshwar Ghat holds great spiritual and cultural significance for the people of Varanasi and is an important destination for tourists and pilgrims visiting the city.
19. Chunar Fort : The fort is situated on the banks of the river Ganges and has a rich history dating back to the 11th century. The fort was built by the local kings and was later occupied by the Mughals and the British. It has witnessed many battles and has been a strategic location for controlling the Ganges river and the surrounding areas. The fort has several attractions including the Ashoka Pillar, which is believed to have been erected by Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BC, and the Kali Temple, which is located inside the fort and is dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali. In addition to its historical significance, Chunar Fort is also a popular destination for tourists because of its stunning architecture and panoramic views of the Ganges river. Visitors can explore the fort, climb to the top for a bird's eye view of the surrounding areas, and take a boat ride on the river to experience the beauty of the Ganges up close. Overall, Chunar Fort is a must-visit destination for history buffs and those interested in experiencing the rich culture and heritage of Varanasi.
20. Dhamekh Stupa : Dhamekh Stupa is a large Buddhist stupa located in Sarnath, a small town near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, India. It is one of the most important and ancient Buddhist structures in India and is believed to mark the spot where the Buddha gave his first sermon after attaining enlightenment. The stupa was originally built by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE, but it has undergone several renovations and additions over the centuries. The current structure stands at a height of 43.6 meters and has a diameter of 28 meters at the base. The lower part of the stupa is made of stone, while the upper part is made of brick. The stupa is decorated with intricate carvings and inscriptions, which depict scenes from the life of the Buddha and various Buddhist deities. The carvings also include floral motifs, animals, and geometric patterns. Today, Dhamekh Stupa is a popular tourist attraction and a significant pilgrimage site for Buddhists from around the world. It is a part of the Sarnath Archaeological Museum and is under the protection of the Archaeological Survey of India.
21. Tulsidas Ghat : Tulsidas Ghat is a famous ghat (riverfront) located in the holy city of Varanasi, India. It is named after Tulsidas, a famous saint and poet who lived in Varanasi during the 16th century. The ghat is situated on the banks of the River Ganges, and it is a popular destination for pilgrims and tourists alike. The ghat is known for its beautiful architecture and serene atmosphere. It is said that Tulsidas used to meditate at this spot, and that the ghat was built in his honor by the Maratha queen, Ahilyabai Holkar. There is a temple dedicated to Tulsidas at the ghat, which is visited by many devotees. Tulsidas Ghat is also famous for its cultural significance. It is a popular venue for classical music and dance performances, and many festivals and events are held here throughout the year. The ghat is especially crowded during the annual Tulsi Vivah festival, which celebrates the marriage of Lord Rama and his consort, Tulsi. Visitors to Tulsidas Ghat can take a boat ride on the Ganges and witness the beautiful sunrise and sunset views from the ghat. The ghat is easily accessible by road and is located near the famous Kashi Vishwanath Temple.
22. Manmandir Ghat : The ghat was built in 1600 CE by Maharaja Man Singh I of Amber (Jaipur) and was originally known as Someshwara Ghat, but was later renamed after the palace built by Raja Man Singh. The palace was destroyed during the reign of Aurangzeb, and only a small portion of it remains today. Manmandir Ghat is known for its magnificent architecture and intricate carvings. The ghat features a large, ornate palace that has multiple levels and balconies. The palace was designed in a blend of Mughal and Rajput architectural styles and is considered to be one of the finest examples of medieval architecture in Varanasi. The ghat is a popular destination for tourists and locals alike, who come to take a dip in the holy waters of the Ganges and offer prayers. There are also a number of shops and stalls along the ghat that sell religious items and souvenirs. Manmandir Ghat is also known for its famous observatory, called Man Singh Observatory or Jantar Mantar. It was built by Raja Man Singh in the 17th century and features a collection of astronomical instruments that were used to measure time, track the movement of celestial bodies, and predict eclipses. Overall, Manmandir Ghat is a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to Varanasi, offering a unique glimpse into the city's rich cultural and architectural heritage.
23. Trilochan Ghat : Trilochan Ghat is a sacred site located along the banks of the Ganges River in the holy city of Varanasi, India. It is situated near the famous Kashi Vishwanath Temple and is one of the oldest and most revered ghats in Varanasi. The ghat is named after Lord Shiva, who is also known as Trilochan, meaning "three-eyed". According to Hindu mythology, it is believed that Lord Shiva himself bathed at this ghat, and the water here has the power to cure diseases and wash away sins. Trilochan Ghat is also known for its beautiful architecture and intricate carvings. The ghat has several temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and other deities, and it is a popular spot for devotees to perform puja and offer prayers. The ghat is particularly famous for its evening aarti ceremony, during which devotees light diyas (lamps) and offer them to the river while chanting hymns and prayers. The aarti ceremony is a spectacular sight to behold, and it is a must-see attraction for anyone visiting Varanasi. Trilochan Ghat is a place of immense spiritual significance for Hindus and is visited by millions of devotees every year. It is a symbol of the ancient and timeless culture of Varanasi and is a reminder of the city's rich spiritual heritage.
24. Nepali Kothi : Nepali Kothi is a historic building located in Varanasi, a city in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is also known as the Nepali Temple or the Nepali Mandir. The building is believed to have been constructed in the 19th century by the Nepalese royal family during their exile in India. The Nepali Kothi is a unique blend of Indian and Nepalese architecture. The building is constructed in the pagoda style, which is typical of Nepalese architecture. It has sloping roofs with multiple tiers and is adorned with intricate wooden carvings and colorful paintings. The interiors of the building also feature intricate woodwork and murals. The Nepali Kothi is located in the Nepali Temple area of Varanasi, which is a popular tourist destination. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is visited by devotees from all over the world. The Nepali Kothi is a popular tourist attraction and is open to visitors throughout the year. It is also used as a venue for cultural events and functions. In recent years, the Nepali Kothi has undergone extensive renovation to preserve its architectural heritage. The building has been restored to its former glory and is now one of the most popular tourist attractions in Varanasi. Visitors can explore the building and admire the intricate carvings and paintings, which are a testament to the rich cultural heritage of Nepal and India.
25. Man Singh Observatory : The Man Singh Observatory, also known as the Man Mahal Observatory, is an astronomical observatory located in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. It was built by Raja Man Singh of Amber (Jaipur) in the 17th century. The observatory was constructed on the Man Mahal Ghat on the banks of the River Ganges, which was a strategic location for astronomical observations. The Man Singh Observatory consists of several astronomical instruments, including a large brass sundial, a celestial globe, a meridian circle, and a quadrant. These instruments were used for making astronomical observations and calculating time, eclipses, and planetary positions. The observatory was active for several decades, but eventually fell into disuse and was forgotten for many years. It was rediscovered in the early 1900s and underwent a major restoration in the 20th century. Today, the Man Singh Observatory is a popular tourist attraction in Varanasi and is open to the public for visits.
26. Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport : Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport (VNS) is an airport located in Babatpur, about 26 km northwest of Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. The airport is named after the former Indian Prime Minister, Lal Bahadur Shastri, who was born in Varanasi. The airport is a public airport operated by the Airports Authority of India (AAI) and is the second busiest airport in Uttar Pradesh after Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport in Lucknow. The airport has a single terminal that handles both domestic and international flights. It has a capacity to handle 500 passengers during peak hours and serves as a gateway to several international destinations in Southeast Asia and the Middle East. The airport offers several facilities such as baggage services, lounges, restaurants, shops, and car rental services. It is well-connected to the city by taxis, buses, and auto-rickshaws. The airport has undergone several upgrades and expansions over the years to cater to the increasing passenger traffic and is expected to undergo further expansions in the future.
27. Kedar Nath Temple : Kedar Nath Temple is a famous Hindu temple located in the holy city of Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva, who is also known as Kedar Nath. The temple is located on the Kedar Ghat on the banks of the river Ganges, one of the most sacred sites for Hindus. The temple is believed to have been built in the 18th century by the Maratha ruler, Maharani Ahilyabai Holkar. The Kedar Nath Temple is an important pilgrimage site for Hindus, particularly for those who follow the Shaivism sect of Hinduism. The temple is also popular among tourists who visit Varanasi. The temple has a beautiful architecture and is adorned with intricate carvings and sculptures. The main shrine houses a lingam, which is considered to be one of the 12 Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva. The temple complex also has several other smaller shrines dedicated to other Hindu deities. The Kedar Nath Temple is particularly famous for its evening aarti, a ritual of worship that involves the offering of prayers and the lighting of lamps. The aarti is performed every day and attracts a large number of devotees and tourists. Overall, the Kedar Nath Temple is a significant religious site in Varanasi, and a must-visit destination for anyone interested in Hindu culture and spirituality.
28. Hanuman Ghat : Hanuman Ghat is one of the many ghats (riverfront steps leading to the holy river Ganges) in the ancient city of Varanasi, located in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The ghat is named after the Hindu deity Hanuman, who is known for his devotion and strength. According to legend, Hanuman visited Varanasi and took a dip in the Ganges at this spot, making it a sacred site for devotees of the deity. Hanuman Ghat is also known for its beautiful architecture and intricate carvings. It is located close to the famous Kashi Vishwanath Temple, which is dedicated to Lord Shiva, and is a popular destination for pilgrims and tourists alike. The ghat is a popular spot for taking a dip in the holy river, offering prayers, and performing rituals. It is also a great place to watch the evening aarti (a religious ritual involving fire and lamps) that takes place every day on the banks of the river. Overall, Hanuman Ghat is an important spiritual and cultural landmark in Varanasi, and it attracts visitors from all over the world who come to experience the unique atmosphere of this ancient city.
29. Shri Durga Temple : Shri Durga Temple, also known as the Durga Kund Temple, is a Hindu temple located in the city of Varanasi in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is one of the most revered temples in Varanasi and is dedicated to the Hindu goddess Durga. The temple is located near the Durga Kund, a holy pond, and is believed to have been built in the 18th century by a Bengali Maharani. The temple is known for its beautiful architecture, intricate carvings, and stunning sculptures of Hindu deities. According to Hindu mythology, it is believed that the goddess Durga took rest at this spot after killing the demon Mahishasura. The temple is also believed to be the spot where the great philosopher Adi Shankaracharya performed his spiritual practices. The temple is a popular destination for devotees of the goddess Durga, especially during the Navratri festival, which is celebrated in honor of the goddess. During this festival, the temple is adorned with beautiful decorations, and devotees offer special prayers and offerings to the goddess. Overall, the Shri Durga Temple is a significant religious site in Varanasi and is a must-visit for those interested in Hindu mythology and culture.
30. New Vishwanath Temple : In recent years, there have been plans to construct a new Vishwanath temple in Varanasi. The new temple will be constructed near the existing temple complex and will be spread over an area of approximately 5 acres. The new temple is being constructed under the aegis of the Kashi Vishwanath Temple Trust, which is responsible for the maintenance and management of the existing temple. The new temple is being built to provide better facilities for the devotees and to accommodate the growing number of visitors to the city. The temple will have several new features, including improved infrastructure, better amenities for the pilgrims, and state-of-the-art facilities. The new temple will also have a grand entrance, a sprawling courtyard, and an expansive prayer hall. The construction of the new Vishwanath temple is expected to be completed by 2024, and it will be a major landmark in the city of Varanasi. The new temple is expected to attract a large number of tourists and devotees from across the country and around the world.
31. Bharat Kala Bhavan Museum : The Bharat Kala Bhavan Museum is a museum of art and archaeology located in Varanasi, India. It was founded in 1920 by the famous art historian and collector Rai Krishnadasa, who donated his personal collection of Indian art to the museum. The museum has a vast collection of paintings, sculptures, textiles, and other artifacts that span over 5,000 years of Indian art and culture. The exhibits include ancient terracotta figures, Buddhist and Hindu sculptures, miniature paintings, folk art, and textiles. One of the highlights of the museum is the Gandhara sculpture collection, which includes works from the ancient Gandhara region of present-day Pakistan and Afghanistan. The museum also has a significant collection of manuscripts, coins, and ethnographic objects from different regions of India. The Bharat Kala Bhavan Museum is located on the campus of the Banaras Hindu University and is open to the public. It is a must-visit for anyone interested in Indian art and culture.
32. Raja Ghat : Raja Ghat is a prominent ghat (set of steps leading down to a river) located on the banks of the river Ganges in Varanasi, India. It is named after the legendary king, Raja Harishchandra, who is said to have attained salvation at this spot. Raja Ghat is a popular spot for performing various religious ceremonies, including puja (worship), aarti (ritual offering of light to deities), and tarpan (offering of water to ancestors). Many devotees also come here to take a dip in the holy waters of the Ganges, which is believed to purify their soul. In addition to its religious significance, Raja Ghat is also known for its beautiful architecture and intricate carvings. The ghat features a large pavilion supported by numerous pillars, which serves as a platform for performing various rituals and ceremonies. The pavilion is adorned with beautiful sculptures of Hindu deities, and the walls are covered with intricate carvings depicting scenes from Hindu mythology. Overall, Raja Ghat is a significant cultural and religious landmark in Varanasi, attracting numerous visitors and pilgrims every year.
33. Banares Ghats Boat Ride : The Banares Ghats Boat Ride in Varanasi is a popular tourist activity in the city. Varanasi, also known as Banaras or Kashi, is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world and is considered to be a holy city for Hindus. The city is famous for its ghats, which are a series of steps leading down to the river Ganges. A boat ride on the Ganges during sunrise or sunset is a memorable experience, as you can see the city come to life or wind down for the day. During the boat ride, you can see the various ghats and their different uses - some are used for bathing and rituals, while others are used for cremations. The boat ride also offers a unique perspective of the city's architecture, including the many temples that line the riverfront. You can also witness the devotion of the locals as they perform their daily rituals on the ghats. It is important to note that the Ganges can be quite polluted, so it is recommended to take precautions such as not touching the water and bringing a face mask to cover your nose and mouth. Overall, the Banares Ghats Boat Ride is a must-do activity in Varanasi, offering a glimpse into the city's culture and history.
34. Panchganga Ghat : Panchganga Ghat is one of the most popular ghats (a series of steps leading down to a river) located in the holy city of Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. It is situated at the confluence of five holy rivers, namely the Ganges, Yamuna, Saraswati, Dhupapapa and Kirana, which are believed to have merged here. The ghat is named after the five rivers, where "Panch" means five and "Ganga" refers to a river. The Panchganga Ghat is considered to be one of the most sacred spots in Varanasi, and it is believed that a dip in the holy waters of the ghat can wash away one's sins. The Panchganga Ghat has a number of temples dedicated to various Hindu deities, including the Kashi Vishwanath Temple, which is dedicated to Lord Shiva, and the Ratneshwar Mahadev Temple. The ghat also has several ancient steps, which lead down to the river, and are used by people for bathing and performing rituals. Overall, Panchganga Ghat is a significant religious and cultural site, and attracts thousands of devotees and tourists every year.
35. Ganga Mahal Ghat : Ganga Mahal Ghat is one of the many ghats (riverfront steps) located along the banks of the Ganges river in Varanasi, a city in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is situated between Rajendra Prasad Ghat and Munshi Ghat. The ghat is named after the Ganga Mahal Palace, which is situated nearby. The palace was built in the early 19th century by the Maharaja of Benares, Balwant Singh. It is said that the palace was built in order to provide a comfortable stay for the British Resident at the court of the Maharaja. The Ganga Mahal Ghat is a popular spot for pilgrims and tourists who come to Varanasi to take a dip in the holy waters of the Ganges. The ghat is particularly known for its peaceful and serene environment. It is a great place to watch the sunrise or sunset over the river. There are also several temples and shrines located near the ghat, including the Kashi Vishwanath Temple, one of the most famous and revered temples in Varanasi. Visitors to the Ganga Mahal Ghat can also take a boat ride along the river to get a better view of the ghats and the city's ancient architecture.
36. Mani Kaul's House : Mani Kaul's House in Varanasi is a historical landmark located in the city of Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, India. Mani Kaul was a prominent Indian film director, screenwriter, and teacher, known for his contributions to the Indian parallel cinema movement. The house is situated in the Rajghat area of Varanasi, near the Ganges river. It is a small, traditional Indian home with a courtyard and a verandah. Mani Kaul lived in this house for several years and used it as a base for his filmmaking activities. After Mani Kaul's death in 2011, the house became a site of pilgrimage for his fans and followers. It is also a popular destination for film students and scholars who come to Varanasi to study Indian cinema. However, it is worth noting that the house is a private residence and not open to the public. Visitors are advised to respect the privacy of the current residents and to view the house from a respectful distance.
These are just a few of the many interesting places to visit in Varanasi. There are plenty of other beautiful temples, historical sites, and cultural attractions worth exploring. Have a great trip!
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